Sundown Game Farm

Gamefowl History

Dictionary of American Game Strains

Posted by Bama Red on April 21, 2011 at 3:04 PM

A few quick histories of various strains of American gamefowl. This has been posted on the internet in various forms but I am unsure of the original source.


This information is written for the benefit of the experienced fancier who wishes information in a certain instance; and for the beginner for information in general. The following information, though not proven and passed on by any designated authority, is related truth.


Our fowl, in common with fowl of other countries, had the same origin. Being unable to give the relative connections make the following information somewhat unlinked.


ARKANSAS TRAVELER: Originator, Col. Jim Rodgers of North Carolina. Bloodlines: Arrington fowl. Description: Blue, red, Grey, pea and straight comb, red eyes, yellow legs. Shows definite relationship to old Sumatra. The Traveler in his own right has a very marked and imperative quality to success, I.e. agility.


ROUNDHEADS: The Roundheads originated by crossing Jap & Asil Orientals with Straight Comb Bankava Mediterranean fowl such as English and American Straight Combs. This began long years ago and is currently practiced (1966). The product is Allen Roundheads, Bostons, Saunders, Sheltons, Lacey’s, Hulseys, Perkins, Killers, Claret Roundheads, Negros, Mayberry, Cowan, Lundy, etc. Allen made his first Roundheads from Grist-Gradys fowl by breeding to the Oriental side around 1900. A second Allen Family were an importation from Massachusetts of Dr. Saunders Roundheads in the early 1920’s.


LACEY ROUNDHEAD hen. Originated by the late Judge Lacey of Alabama. Smart, one stroke clippers who seldom had body contact with opponent. Often stayed sound and unscratched to an old age. Judge Lacey was a master breeder and like Mr. Allen believed in the invincible. After Mr. Allen, Judge Lacey’s Fowl dominated the field and for years after his death. Perhaps as important was the Judge’s influence in preventing his associates from using lesser fowl.


ASEEL: Originator - an Oriental graded by Graves, McCoy, Rampour, Vizzard, Clark and others in U.S.A. Description: general, dark red. Caginess and superb constitution, native, and imperative to success.


JAP (SHAMO): Origination: Oriental, Malay. Description: of Oriental grades and order of degree; example (1) Malay, (2) Jap, (3) Aseel, (4) Boston R. H., (5) Allen R. H., (6) Claret R. H., etc. Description: mostly large, powerful, cagey, unlimited endurance, light colored legs and eyes, high station, great feet.


BARNETT WONDERS: Originator, J. E. Barnett. Bloodlines: Derby, Everett, Claiborne, John Stone Roundhead Claiborne. Description: Red eyes, white and yellow legs, Claiborne color.


BEE MARTINS: Originator, Charlie Morre, S. C. Bloodlines: Means Red Cuban, Hopkins Warhorse. Description: Dark and red eyes, dark legs; black, black red, some spangle and brass back.


BLACK HACKLES: Originator: Jarvis Ellis, Penn. Description: Dark and black red, black hackle, dark legs.


BLACK HAWKS: Originator: E. Perigo, Thompson, MO. Bloodlines: Gordon Cock, Bacon-Hopkinson Warhorse.


BROWN RED PANTHERS: Originator: Geo Scliffet, 1930. Penna. Bloodlines: Half Fowler Brown, red quarter Snyder Warhorse, quarter Carpenter Gull. Description: Cocks dark brown, dark legs, straight comb.


MINER BLUES: Perpetuator, Loyd Miner, Ill. Bloodlines: Nick Vipond Blues. Description: Blue red, light reds, dark blue, white, yellow, and darks legs.


BLUE BOONES: Originator, Alva Campbell, Ky. Description: Blue red and Dom.


BLUE JEWS: Originator, Capt. Mayberry, Ala. Description: Blue shades; dark and red eyes, dark and yellow legs, st. and pea comb.


CAROLINA BLUES: Originator, W. S. Church, N. C. Description: Blue, blue red, pyle.


KNOB COMB BLUES: Originator, B. Shelton, Miss. Bloodlines: Cripple Tony R. H., Sledge and Hanna Traveler. Description: Blue, pea comb, yellow legs.


TYPEWRITER BLUES: Originator, Judge Wilkins, Texas. Description: Blue shades.


DARCY BLUES: Originator, B. F. Anderson, Ohio. Bloodlines: Blue Jews, Koopman Tassel Blues, Filipino Tassels. Description: Blue red, pyle; red eyes, slate and willow legs.


BUTCHER BOYS: Originator, A. J. Street, Ind. Description: Black breasted, red, red eyes, yellow legs.


BOYCE WHITE SOX: Originator, W. W. Boyce, N. Y. Bloodlines: Gilkerson North Britton Whitehackle Cock X Gull Commodore, Claiborne hen. Description: Whitehackle appear.


BROMLEY PYLES: Originator, J. R. Bromley, Mich. Two strains - Gennett Ply, Quebec white Ply R. H.


WILD CAT BLUES: Originator, C. C. Lundy, Ga. Bloodlines: English Blue Cock X Knobcomb blue hens; possibly Lundy R. H. blood. Description: Blues, pyles, green and yellow legs, red eyes.


CALLAGHAN FOWL: Originator, W. E. Callaghan, Mich., 19 Bloodlines: Lowman Whitehackle vs. Roundhead, Claiborne, Grist Grady, Red Quill.


EVERETT CLAIBORNE: Originator, James Sanford, 1841. Bloodlines: Early Derby Cock X black Spanish hens X over daughters. Description: Smooth head, light and dark legs, white wing, and tail, some spangle.


CASSIDY IRISH MUFFS: Importer: Tom Adir, 1910. Bloodlines, Irish. Description: Black red, brown red, heavy muff.


COPPERHEADS: Originator, W. L. Matlock, Athens, Tenn. Bloodlines: Arkansas Travelers, Bushwacker, Loving Blue, Irish Blood.


DANGERFOOTS: Originator, James Barnett, Knoxville, Tenn. Bloodlines: Hedgefence hen X dark leg Allen R. H. Cock. Description: Dark red, blue shades, darks legs and eyes.


GEE DOMS: Originator, Dr. Gee, 1850. Bloodlines: not known (Experts on the question class Doms as related to the Sumatra). Description: Color dom, guinea red, orange, white, red eyes, yellow legs.


CASSIDY DOMS: Originator, R. Cassidy, Iowa, 1913. Bloodlines: Minton, Harvey, Chappell Doms. Description: All colors dom, white and yellow legs, red eyes.


HARVEY SHUFFLING DOMS: Originator, W. L. Harvey, S. C. Bloodlines: Huddleston Doms, Cuban Doms, Thompson White, Peas Soup Pyle, Arkansas Traveler, O’Neal Dom. Description: All dom shades, yellow legs, usually st. comb.


KENTUCKY DOMS: Originator, J. B. Frymore, Ky. Bloodlines: O’Neal Dom, Norwood Doms, Mugwump, Dom & Grey, Grist Grady, Smoke Ball. Description: Dom shades, white, white and yellow legs, st. comb.


O’NEAL DOMS: Bred by, Tom O’Neal, Ky. Description: Light, dark and white, white and yellow legs.


SURE SHOT DOMS: Originator, G. E. Robb, Mo. Bloodlines: Minton Dom, White Tail, Grist Champion. Description: Dom shades, white and yellow legs, red eyes, st. and pea comb.


DYER’S IRISH BROWN REDS: Originator, Ireland, 1885, by Dyer.


EMPIRE STATE REDS: Originator, Stanton Townsend, N. Y. in ‘90’s. Bloodlines: Quarter, Claiborne, Shawlneck, Heathwood, Lowman Whitehackle. GREEN LEGGED TOPPIES: Originator, Wilkins, Texas, 1890. Bloodlines: Grimmie, Tate Claiborne, Roundhead. Description: Red eye, green white and dark legs, usually topknot, and black breasted reds, some spangle.


GREY DRAGON MUFFS: Originator, A. L. Shapmore, R. I. Description: 90 percent Muff.


GREY TORMENTORS: Originator, R. R. Raines, Ky. Bloodlines: Four greys, Grimble, Gordon, Ginn, Mortgage Lifter.


GREY SPEEDERS: Originator, E. E. Weller, N. Y. Bloodlines: Bohler Fair-Warhorse X Smoke Ball-Sangamingo Cock.


GINN GREY: Originator, S. A. Ginn, Ga. Description: Light silver Grey to white, red eyes, white and yellow legs, st. and pea comb, some Tassel.


CHAMPION GREYS: Originator, W. H. McCurdy, Ft. Payne, Ala., 1909. Bloodlines: Dark Grey Cock X one Ginn Grey hen,, Cock over daughters and inbred. Description, Grey, dark eyes and legs, st. comb.


HOLLAND GREYS: Originator, C. Holland, Vinemont, Ala. Bloodlines: Black Hennie Cock X Boone-Redmond hen and inbreeding. Description: Dark Grey, lead color legs, st. and pea comb, Grey and black eyes.


GRIMMIES: Originator, Henry Grimme. Bloodlines: Williss Irish Reds, Coblin Irish, Huddleston and English Derby Greys.


JOE HOWELL GREYS: Origin: England.. Bloodlines: Tassel Grey Cock added 1900. Description: Light to dark Grey.


MISSOURI PACIFIC GREYS: Originator, Jack Dycus, Mo., approx. 1907. Bloodlines: Irish Grey, Joe Redmond Grey, Toppie Grey, Warhorse. Description: Dark Grey, dark green legs.


GRIST Champions: Originator, Col. F. E. Grist, Ga. Bloodlines: Claiborne, Shawlneck, Warhorse, Red Quill. Description: Bright red, dark breast, some pumpkin, dark greenish legs, red eyes, st. comb.


GRIST GRADYS: Originator, Col F. E. Grist, Ga. Bloodlines: Grist Champion, infused Spanish.


HENNIES: Bloodlines: Heavy in Oriental blood. Description: Coal black, resemble hens.


HAMMOND GORDON: Originator, J. H. Hammond, S. C. Bloodlines: Bacon Warhorse, Aldrick Mugwump, infused Rood Warhorse.


HEATHWOOD: Originator, Wm. Walton, Brooklyn. Bloodlines: Walpool White hen X Earl Derby Cock by Woodruff. Description: Color bred, red.


HINDMAN WILDCATS: Originator, N. A. Hindman, W. Va. Bloodlines: Old Colonial fowl from Missouri, infused by Claiborne, Dangerfoot, Grey Speeders, Warhorse, Allen Roundhead.


HOOSIER CYCLONES: Originator, Dr. Brose Horne, Ind. Bloodlines: Redmond, Traveler, Warhorse, Irish Tassel, Muff, Dom and unknown cock.


HOPKINSON BLACK-GRAYS: Originator, Walter Hopkinson. Bloodlines: Irish Grey cock and Warhorse hen.


HURRICANE RED: Originator, Howard Benthiem, N. Y. Bloodlines: Valley Grey hen X R. H. Whitehackle Cock, producing half Whitehackle, Quarter R. H., eight Asil eight Claiborne. Description: Blackbreasted red, white in wings and tail, all tassels, most pea comb, white and yellow legs.


JOE REDMONDS: Originator, Col. Grist, approx 1780. Bloodlines: Color bred from Grist fowl or outside Grey cock cross.


LAWLER MUFFS: Originator, Mile Lawler, N. Y., Penna., 1850. Description: Brown red, prominent muffs, dark eyes, green legs.


MAHONEY GULL: Originator, Dennis Mahoney, N. Y. Bloodlines: North Briton, Whitehackle Cock X over Canadian hens. Description: Cock usually black breasted reds, straight comb, yellow legs and beak.


LAW YANKEE CLIPPERS: Originator, E. W. Law. Bloodlines: Madigin Claret, Old Albany. Description: Reds, some spangles, straight and occasional pea comb, white and yellow legs.


MERCER BLACKS AND REDS: Originator, Bob Mercer, Missouri, Mont. Blacks by American blood, Reds by Asil infusion.


MOUNTAIN EAGLES: Originator, W. S. Church, N. C. Bloodlines: Blackhackle, Mugwump, Shawlneck, Cuban, others. Description: Blues, reds, greys.


MUGWUMPS: Originator, Col Alfred Aldridge, S. C. Bloodlines: Bacon Warhorse, Major Rhett B. B. Reds, a Baltimore cock, 1890. Description: Black, black red, dark legs, dark and red eyes.


OLD DUTY MILLERS: Originator, Peter Dunn, Ky. Bloodlines: Dom, Baltimore Top Knot.


PILSON MUFFS: Originator, Sheriff Robinson of Baltimore Co. Bloodlines: Irish Muff X Wellslager hens.


MEANS RED CUBAN: Originator, G. W. Means, N. C. Bloodlines: Spanish, American infusion.


RACE HORSE: Originator, Jim Curry, Ohio, approx. 1878. Description: Blue-reds, Cinnamon dark eyes, dark and green legs.


RED QUILLS: Originator, Elsins, Washington, D. C. Bloodlines: Red Horse, Winian fowl. Description: Light and dark ginger or pumpkin red, red quills in feathers, green or willow legs, dark eyes, st. comb. One of the all time great blood lines.


SHAWLNECKS: Originator, Chas. Brown or Barclay or both. Bloodlines, somewhat indefinite. Description: Light red, white and yellow legs, straight comb, Brown family smooth head, Barclay topknot. One of the very few great strains.


SHENANDOAHS: Origin - imported by Shenandoah. Description: Blue reds, ginger red.


SID TAYLORS: Originator, Sid Taylor, Ky. Bloodlines: Shy fowl, Irish fowl by Huddleston 1870, waddle Irish infusion. Description: Black to light brown red, dark eyes and legs.


RED HORNETS: Originator, George Fuller, Ill. Bloodlines: Quarter Dom, Warren Powell Black, Surrey Tassel, Bob Solomon Muff. Description: Cocks mahogany red.


SMOKE BALLS: Originator, Frymores (from Glover & Meroney). Bloodlines: Shawlneck, Claiborne, Elsin Red Quill, Murphy Dougherty White Tail, Smoke Ball, Grady, Mugwump, Norwood Blue, Boone Red Shuffler. Description: Reds, blues.


SHAMROCKS: Originator, Col Geo. Julian, Ind. Description: Most black reds, some white feathers in wing and tail, dark or yellow legs, straight comb.


SWAMP FOXES: Originator, Dal Johnson,.S. C. Bloodlines: Warhorse X Rhett Morgan fowl, X Spanish strain. Description: All shades reds to jet black, some white plumage, some black and white spangles, some R. H. pea comb.


SURRY TASSELS: Origin: England. Description: Red breasted, red or cinnamon brown, heavy tassel.


VALLEY GREYS: Originator, Howard Benthlem, N. Y. Bloodlines: Kearney Cock X half Tait Claiborne, half Asil hen. Description: st. and pea comb, white and yellow legs.


STRIKER STRAIN: Originator, Erwin Aldrich, N. Y. Bloodlines: Dr Cooper’s Tartars, John Stone fowl, Chappel Dom, Robinson Blue, Whitehackle, Grimmie, Bacon Warhorse. Description: B. B. reds, grouse color, straw neck, white and yellow legs.


THOMPSON WHITE: Originator, Thompson, Okla. Bloodlines: White Dr. Hutchinson Cock X white Australian hens.


TEXAS RANGER: Originator, Col J. H. Madigan.


WHITE HORNETS: Originator, Prof. J. A. Morre, Woodville, Miss. Bloodlines: La. Cotton l,Thompson White, other blood. Description: white.


BACON WARHORSE: Originator, Col. Thomas Bacon, S. C., 1850’s. Bloodlines: Baltimore cock X John Stone Irish Gilder hens. Description: Black, black with lemon hackle and saddle, st. comb, dark legs, daw or hazel eyes.


HOPKINSON WARHORSE: The Bacon Warhorse by Hopkinson. Another of very few greatest strains.


GILKERSON WHITEHACKLE: Origin (North Britons) England. Imported by Geo. Gilkerson, 1845. Also bred by W. L. Morgan. Description: Light reds, much white in wings and tail, red eyes, white and yellow legs, white under hackle, some spangles.


KEARNEY WHITEHACKLE: Originator, Mike Kearney of N. Y. Bloodlines: Imported Irish Whitehackle, Brown Red Cock and Duryea Boston R. H. Cock. Description: Black reds, brown reds, spangles, white and yellow legs, red eyes. The Whitehackle is one of this country’s best all-time breed lines.


WISCONSIN RED SHUFFLERS: Originator, D. H. Pierce, Wisconsin. Bloodlines: Huddleston Irish Brown Red, Mahoney Gull, Newmacks. Description: Black reds, brown reds, dark legs and eyes.

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